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He was half-horse because Kronos was half-horse when he was with Philyra. Another tribe of Centaurs were seen in Peloponnese where they came into conflict with Hercules over the wine of their brother Pholos who had given Hercules some hospitality while he was looking for the Erymanthian Boar. Most of the enemy Centaurs were slain by Hercules who used the arrows covered in the blood of the Hydra on them. The surviving Centaurs fled to the Malean Peninsula southern Lakonia where they were given refuge by Poseidon. There was also another type of Centaurs called the Cyprian Centaurs.

They are bull-horned centaurs who were the result of Zeus accidentally impregnating Gaea during his failed attempt to seduce Aphrodite. They are more friendly than the Centaurs that. One known centaur is Chiron, the activities director at Camp Half-Blood , who appears throughout the rest of the series. In the train to Denver, Percy sees a family of centaurs hunting next to the train. A little boy centaur smiles and waves at him. The party ponies later take the demigods back to Camp Half-Blood , with Chiron. At least one centaur is known to have been defeated by a Giant under orders from Antaeus.

The Party Ponies , commanded by Chiron , assist the demigods in the Battle of Manhattan , though Percy sees no other centaurs other than Chiron at the end of the battle. He deduces that the rest were either killed or ran away. The army of monsters that attack Camp Jupiter have another breed of centaurs who seem to enjoy killing demigods. These centaurs appear to be a different breed from the Party Ponies where their horse halves being palamino and horns sticking out of their heads similar to the Cyprian Centaurs.

They are all either killed or manage to flee the battle. The cloud bore Kentauros Centaurus from Ixion's seed.

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Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. Thereupon, men say, Zeus formed a figure of Hera out of cloud and sent it to him, and Ixion lying with the cloud nephele begat the Kentauroi Centaurs , as they are called, which have the shapes of men. The Kentauroi Centaurs , according to some writers, were reared by the Nymphai Nymphs on Mount Pelion, and when they attained to manhood they consorted with mares and brought into being the Hippokentauroi Hippocentaurs , as they are called, which are creatures of double form; but others say that it was the Kentauroi born of Ixion and Nephele who were called Hippokentauroi, because they were the first to essay the riding of horses, and that they were then made into a fictitious myth, to the effect that they were of double form.

Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 2. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. But after all they had, as we see, mothers of the same stock [i. Kentaurides Centaurides ] and wives next and colts as their offspring and a most delightful home; for I think you would not grow weary of Pelion and the life there and its wind-nurtured growth of ash which furnishes spear-shafts that are straight and at the same time do not break at the spearhead.

And its caves are most beautiful and the springs and the Kentaurides beside them. Of the baby Kentauroi here some lie wrapped in swaddling clothes, some have discarded their swaddling clothes, some seem to be crying, some are happy and smile as they suck flowing breasts, some gambol beneath their mothers while others embrace them when they kneel down, and one is throwing a stone at his mother, for already he grows wanton. The bodies of the infants have not yet taken on their definite shape, seeing that abundant milk is still their nourishment, but some that already are leaping about show a little shagginess, and have sprouted mane and hoofs, though these are still tender.

How beautiful the Kentaurides are, even where they are horses; for some grow out of white mares, others are attached to chestnut mares, and the coat's of others are dappled, but they glisten like those of horses that are well cared for. There is also a white female centaur that grows out of a black mare, and the very opposition of the colours helps to produce the united beauty of the whole.

But after all they have, as we see, mothers of the same stock and wives next [the Kentaurides] and colts as their offspring and a most delightful home [in the vales of Mount Pelion]. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 62 trans. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. From this the Centauri Centaurs were born. Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. Homer, Odyssey Shewring Greek epic C8th B.

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Wine it was that darkened the wits of Eurytion the Kentauros Centaur in the palace of bold Peirithoos. The Kentauros had come to the Lapithai's Lapiths' country, and now with wine he clouded his understanding and in his frenzy did monstrous things in the very hall of Peirithoos Pirithous. The heroes were seized with indignation; they leapt up, they dragged the Kentauros across the courtyard and out of doors, they lopped off his ears and nose with the ruthless bronze, and the frenzied creature went his way, taking his retribution with him in his still darkened mind.

From this beginning came the long feud between men and Kentauroi Centaurs , but it was Eurytion first of all who brought chastisement on himself by his drunkenness. Homer, Iliad 1.

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Lattimore Greek epic C8th B. These were the strongest generation of earth-born mortals, the strongest, and they fought against the strongest, the beast-men pheres [i. I was of the company of these men, coming from Pylos, a long way from a distant land, since they had summoned me. And I fought single-handed, yet against such men no one of the mortals now alive upon earth could do battle.

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Homer, Iliad 2. Hesiod, Shield of Heracles ff trans. These were of silver, and had armour of gold upon their bodies. And the Kentauroi Centaurs were gathered against them on the other side with Petraios Petraeus and Asbolos the diviner, Arktos Arctus , and Oureios Ureus , and black-haired Mimas, and the two sons of Peukeus Peuceus , Perimedes and Dryalos: these were of silver, and they had pinetrees of gold in their hands, and they were rushing together as though they were alive and striking at one another hand to hand with spears and with pines.

Pindar, Fragment trans. Sandys Greek lyric C5th B. But Kaineus Caeneus , struck by the green fir-trees, cleft the ground with his foot, where he stood, and passed beneath the earth. Theognis, Fragment trans. Gerber, Vol. Greek Elegiac Greek elegy C6th B. For when Peirithous was courting Hippodameia, he gave a banquet for the Kentauroi because they were related to her; but they, unused to wine, drank too much too fast and got drunk, and when the bride was ushered in they tried to rape her.

So Peirthous put on full armor and with Gheseus' help started a battle, and Theseus slew many of them. For this reason in the battle of the Kentauroi Centaurs , he was contemptuous of being wounded, and destroyed many of them.

Chiron | Greek mythology |

The remainder finally encircled him and hammered him down into the earth with fir clubs. Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. In his younger days he had fought in the ranks of the mighty Lapithai Lapiths when they were at war with the Kentauroi Centaurs. Unaided by his noble friends he had routed the enemy, and even when the rallied against him they could not bend his back or kill him.

Unbroken and unbowed he sank below the earth, overwhelmed by the massive pines with which they beat him down. We are also told that they demanded of Peirithoos Pirithous , on the ground of kinship, their share of their father's kingdom, and that when Peirithoos would not yield it to them they made war on both him and the Lapithes Lapiths.

At a later time, the account goes on to say, when they had made up their differences, Peirithoos married Hippodameia, the daughter of Boutes Butes , and invited both Theseus and the Kentauroi to the wedding. The Kentauroi, however, becoming drunken assaulted the female guests and lay with them by violence, whereupon both Theseus and the Lapithes, incensed by such a display of lawlessness, slew not a few of them and drove the rest out of the city.

Because of this the Kentauroi gathered all their forces, made a campaign against the Lapithes, and slew many of them, the survivors fleeing into Mount Pholoe in Arkadia Arcadia and ultimately escaping from there to Cape Malea, where they made their home. And the Kentauroi, elated by these successes, made Mt Pholoe the base of their operations, plundering the Greeks who passed by, and slew many of their neighbours. Strabo, Geography 9. Jones Greek geographer C1st B. Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. Theseus has already killed a Kentauros Centaur , but elsewhere the fighting is still undecided.

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5.

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On one side of him is Eurytion, who has seized the wife of Peirithoos Pirithous , with Kaineus Caeneus bringing help to Peirithoos, and on the other side is Theseus defending himself against the Kentauroi with an axe. One Kentauros Centaur has seized a maid, another a boy inn the prime of his youth. Plutarch, Life of Theseus Perrin Greek historian C1st to C2nd A. Now he had invited the Kentauroi Centaurs also to the wedding feast. And when these were flown with insolence and wine, and laid hands upon the women, the Lapithai took vengeance upon them. Some of them they slew upon the spot, the rest they afterwards overcame in war and expelled from the country, Theseus fighting with them at the banquet and in the war.

Herodoros, however, says that this was not how it happened, but that the war was already in progress when Theseus came to the aid of the Lapithai. Aelian, Historical Miscellany Wilson Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A. Pearse Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 14 trans. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 33 : "At another marriage, when Pirithous was taking Hippodamia, daughter of Adrastus, Centauri Centaurs , full of wine, attempted to carry off the wives of the Lapithae Lapiths.

The Centauri killed many of them, but by them perished. Ovid, Metamorphoses Melville Roman epic C1st B. Centaurs] to recline at tables ranged within a tree-clad cave. The Haemonii lords of Thessaly were there and I [Nestor] was there myself. The festive palace rang with the merry hubbub of the milling guests.

And now the wedding hymn was sung, the fires smoked in the royal hall, in came the bride with wives and matrons walking at her side, supreme in beauty. Blessed indeed we called Pirithous with such a bride--and brought, nearly, thereby their wedded bliss to naught! For Eurytus, the fiercest of the fierce Centauri, was fired by wine and by the sight of that fair girl, and drink was in command, double by lust.

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Tables were overturned, the banquet in confusion, and the bride, held by her hair, was seized and carried off. Hippodame was seized by Eurytus; the others seized what girl each would or could. The scene was like a city sacked; the house echoed with women's screams. No answer came; for no words could defend such deeds. The dastard charged her champion, pummelled his noble chest and punched his chin.

An antique wine-bowl chanced to stand near by, jagged with high relief; huge as it was, Aegides [Theseus] still huger lifted it and hurled it crashing on his foe. He vomited great gouts of blood with brains and wine from wound and throat, and falling backwards beat his heels upon the soaking sand. Wine gave courage. In the first fighting goblets went flying and fragile jars and bowls and dishes meant for banqueting, now turned to war and carnage. Both his eyes leapt out, cheek bones were shattered, nose forced back and wedged inside his mouth.

Then Amycus was felled by Pelates Pellaeus who'd wrenched away a maple table-leg; his chin was forced into his chest, and as he spat dark blood and teeth a second would sent him away down to the shades of the Underworld umbrae Tartareae. Orios was the son of Mycale, whose magic spells, men say, had many a time forced down the struggling Moon. He reamed the double prongs in Gryneus' eyes and gouged his eyeballs. One stuck to the horn, one rolling down his beard hung caked in blood. Then [the centaur] Rhoetus, snatching up a blazing brand of plum-wood from the altar, on the right slashes Charaxus' forehead sheltered by his auburn hair.

Caught by the ravening flame the tresses blaze like sun-baked corn; the blood, scorched in the wound, hissed with a ghastly sound, the sound of red-hot iron when a smith takes it in his curved tongs and plunges it into his water-tank and down it goes, hissing and sizzling, and the water's warm. Wounded, he shook away the hungry flame from his dishevelled hair, and pulling up a slab, a threshold-stone, he shouldered it, a wagon-load, whose very weight ensured it reached no foe : yes, one of his own side, Cometes, standing near, was crushed beneath the granite block Rhoetus could not contain his joy.

Victorious he [the centaur Rhoetus] turned on Corythus and Dryas and Euagrus. But not the same end this time. As he swaggered, proud of his trail of slaughter, Dryas thrust him through a charred pointed stake where neck and shoulder join. He groaned and strained to wrench the stake from the hard bone and fled away, soaked in his own red blood. Dryas' right arm felled all of them as they faced him. Facing him [the centaur] Crenaeus too was wounded though he'd turned his back in flight; for looking round he too the weighty tell between his eyes, just where nose finds its way to fore head.

In that din [the centaur] Aphidas lay with every vein relaxed in endless sleep, unwoken, undisturbed, sprawled on a shaggy bearskin from Mount Ossa, his wine-filled cup in his unconscious hand, out of the fight--in vain! Death came unfelt. Over the couch--into the cup--blood gushed from his full throat. I saw [the centaur] Petraeus trying to uproot an acorn-laden oak and as his arms embraced it and he forced it to and fro, rocking its tottering trunk, Pirithous, hurling a lance that pierced Petraeus' ribs, pinned fast his writhing chest to the tough wood.

The prowess of Pirithous, men say, laid [the centaur] Lycus low, laid [the centaur] Chromis low, but each gave less distinction to the victor than [the centaurs] Dictys and Helops. Helops was transfixed by a lance that struck his forehead from the right and pierced to his left ear. Dictys, in flight before the onslaught of Ixion's son [Pirithous], slipped on a mountain precipice and fell headlong; his weight broke a huge mountain-ash whose splintered spike impaled him in his groin.

For vengeance [the centaur] Aphareus was there and tried to throw a rock wrenched from the mountainside. But Aegides [Theseus] caught him as he threw and smashed his giant elbow with a club of oak. No time nor wish to do to death that good-for-nothing! On [centaur] Bienor's back he leapt a back not used to carry a soul except himself and, knees gripping his flanks and left hand holding fast his head of hair, he swung the knotted club and smashed his mouth, screaming out threats, and broke his bony brow.

That club then felled [the centaurs] Nedymnus and Lycopes, famed for his javelin, and [centaur] Hippasos whose long beard draped his chest, and Ripheus too whose stature overtopped the forest trees, and [centaur] Thereus who would capture mountain bears of Haemonia [Thessalia] and bring them home alive and snarling.

Theseus' triumphs in the fight were too much for [centaur] Demeleon. He tried with a huge heave to uproot an ancient pine, a sturdy trunk, and, when his efforts failed, he snapped it off and threw it at his foe. But as the missile came Theseus drew back beyond its range, on Pallas's [Athene's] advice or so he'd have us think.

But still the trunk did not fall idle: from tall Crantor's neck it severed his left shoulder and his breast. Crantor, Achilles, was your father's squire; Amyntor, leader of the Dolopes, worsted in war, had sent him as a gift, to be a pledge of peace and loyalty. It broke his ribs and hung there quivering in the box of bones. The centaur wrenched the shaft away without the point the shaft would hardly come ; the point stuck in his lung. His very agony gave him wild strength. Despite the wound he reared and pounded Peleus with his horse's hooves.

On helm and ringing shield Peleus received the lashing hooves and, so defended, held his lance-point levelled and with one thrust pierced the centaur's shoulder and his two-formed chest. Already at a longer range he'd slain [the centaurs] Phlegraeos and Hyles and, hand-to-hand, Iphinous and Clanis; now to them he added [the centaur] Dorylas who wore a cap of wolf-skin on his head with, for a lance, a splendid pair of bull's horns red with blood. Unable to escape, he raised his hand to shield his threatened brow, and hand was nailed to brow.

A shout went up. He stood there stuck and beaten by the bitter wound, and Peleus for he stood nearer struck him with his sword full in his belly. Leaping fiercely forward, he trailed his guts, trampled them as they trailed, and trampling burst them, and the tangle tripped his legs and, belly empty, he collapsed.

Nor did his beauty ransom [the centaur] Cyllarus, fighting that day, if hybrids such as he be granted beauty. His beard was just beginning, a golden beard, and golden tresses fell down on his shoulders reaching to his flanks.

The Centaur: Half Human, Half Horse of Greek Mythology

High-mettled grace shone in his face; his neck, chest, shoulders, hands and every manly part seemed like a sculptor's much-praised masterpiece. Unblemished too his equine shape, nor less fine than his man's. With horse's head and neck he's make fit mount for Castor, so high stood his chest-muscles, so rideable his back. Jet black he was, the whole of him, save that his tail was white and legs were milk-white too.

Many a centauress would be his mate, but one had gained his heart, [the she-centaur] Hylonome. In the high woods there was none comelier of all the centaur-girls, and she alone by love and love's sweet words and winning ways held Cyllarus, yes, and the care she took to look her best so far as that may be with limbs like that.

She combed her glossy hair, and twined her curls in turn with rosemary or violets or roses, and sometimes she wore a pure white lily. Twice a day she bathed her face in the clear brook that fell from Pagasae's high forest, twice she plunged her body in its flow, nor would she wear on her left side and shoulder any skin but what became her from best-chosen beasts. Their love was equal; on the hills they roamed together, and together they would go back to their cave; and this time too they went into the Lapithae's palace side by side and side by side were fighting in the fray.

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A javelin no knowing from whose hand came from the left and wounded Cyllarus, landing below the place where the chest joins neck--slight wound, but when the point was pulled away, cold grew his damaged heart and cold his limbs. Hylonome embraced him as he died, caressed the wound and, putting lips to lips, she tried to stay his spirit as it fled. And when she saw him lifeless, she moaned words that in that uproar failed to reach my ears; and fell upon the spear that pierced her love, and, dying, held her husband in her arms.


There stands as well before my eyes the one who'd laced together six great lion-hides, [the centaur] Phaeocomes, so shielding horse and man. He hurled a log which two ox-teams could scarce have moved and crushed the skull of Tectaphos son of Olenus Olenides.

His skull's broad dome was shattered and through mouth, nose, eyes and ears the soft brains oozed like whey when curds are strained or juice that trickles from a weighted press, squeezes through a strainer's fine-meshed apertures. But I [Nestor], as he prepared to strip the spoils, your father knows I plunged my sword deep in the spoiler's groin. And [the centaurs] Teleboas too and Chthonius fell by my sword; the one had carried a forked pole, the other a spar. That spear gave me a wound--you see the mark--the ancient scar still shows. Yes, in those days I ought to have been sent to capture Troy; in those far days my prowess could have stayed, if not subdued, great Hector; then, of course, Hector, if he was born, was but a boy, and now my long years fail me.

Need I tell how the half-horse [centaur] Pyraethus was outfought by Periphas or how Ampyx had thrust his lance that lacked its point into the face of four-footed [centaur] Echeclus?